Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases in which the optic nerve is damaged leading to irreversible loss of visual field. The optic nerve damage is caused by the raised intra ocular pressure (IOP) although it may occur with normal IOP (Normal Tension Glaucoma) & even with low IOP (Low Tension Glaucoma). The raised intra ocular pressure (IOP) is caused by the imbalance between the production and drainage of aqueous in the anterior chamber of the eye.
Glaucoma causes raised pressure in the eye, which leads to impairment of visual fields and finally vision loss. Contact your ophthalmologist If you have a family history of glaucoma or you observe any signs pointing towards glaucoma to determine the right treatment option for you.
Glaucoma valve is one of the latest glaucoma treatment techniques which helps in lowering intra ocular pressure and maintains a proper aqueous outflow. This technique is one of the preferred management option in cases struggling with glaucoma even after maximum medications and in complicated glaucoma cases.
If you are over 40 years old, have a family history of glaucoma or are of Asian/African or Hispanic heritage, you have a higher chance of developing glaucoma. Other risk factors include:
Glaucoma is inherited, and having a family history of the condition has increased chances of developing glaucoma. If you have a positive family history of glaucoma, you should be conscious of the symptoms and see the ophthalmologist timely for scheduled tests. It offers you an early diagnosis of glaucoma. This helps us in proper management of glaucoma and prevention of further visual field loss.
Regular follow-ups and compliance with medications suggested by your glaucoma experts and scheduled investigations help you keep your glaucoma well controlled. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, reducing alcohol and caffeine consumption and nutritious diet are also beneficial.
Glaucoma causes irreversible visual field losses. The treatment is focused on preserving vision as uncontrolled glaucoma may lead to total lost of vision. If diagnosed timely and managed well, vision loss can be prevented.